After 24 years of systematic violations under a veil of impunity, reformasi in Indonesia provided an opportunity to determine East Timor’s status through a referendum held by the United Nations in 1999. The referendum resulted in the majority of Timorese people choosing independence in October 1999 with the United Nations taking over as interim administrator of the territory.

UN and Timorese investigators and prosecutors conducted investigations to the 1999 crimes, resulting in more than 300 persons indicted under the Serious Crimes regime, including senior Indonesian military commanders and Timorese militia leaders. In 2002, working in parallel with the serious crimes process, a truth and reconciliation commission (CAVR) was established to investigate human rights violations that took place between 1975-1999, producing a final report entitled “Chega!” (Enough, Never Again) that documented a pattern of systematic abuse and made comprehensive recommendations. Immediately following the CAVR, the Governments of Timor-Leste and Indonesia established the bi-lateral Commission of Truth and Friendship (CTF, 2005-2008). In 2008, the CTF handed over its findings and recommendations reaffirming CAVR’s findings that crimes against humanity took place in 1999. More than a decade after the publication of these reports, a civil society working group including AJAR found that only 5% of the recommendations has been or is being implemented. In 2015, a prime ministerial decree established Centro Nacional Chega! (CNC) tasked with bridging the victims with the administration and pushing for the inclusion of the recommendations in government policies.

In Timor-Leste, AJAR works to empower its local partner organisations, most notably its sister organisation Asosiasaun Chega! ba ita (ACbit) to support victims’ groups, women in particular, to raise public awareness about the importance of learning from the past and to advocate for the protection of human rights. In addition, AJAR provides technical assistance to the National Victims’ Association as well as government institution such as Ombudsman for Human Rights (PDHJ) and CNC. AJAR works closely with universities to ensure that human rights education becomes a part of their curricula while seeking alternative ways promote these principles for the younger generation such as the edutainment drama series “Waves of Justice.” AJAR Timor-Leste is also a member of various working groups such as Security Sector Reform Network and the Network for Land to ensure that rights of the victims are considered in the drafting of new laws and policies. In 2017 AJAR was leading the NGO coalition that produced a shadow report on the government’s implementation of the Convention Against Torture principles.

Recent key activities include:

  • The production and dissemination of the 20-episode-long edutainment series “Laloran Justisa” (Waves of Justice) aiming at strengthening the role of PDHJ and generating a nation-wide discussion on human rights and justice, tackling all key aspects of AJAR’s work. The series aired on the Timorese national television between August and November 2017, while mobile screening activities were organised all around the country accompanied by a writing and poster competition for high school students based on the issues the series raises.
  • AJAR Timor-Leste has formed and coordinated an NGO Coalition consisting of 15 civil society organisations to draft a shadow report for the UN on the government’s implementation of the principles enshrined in the Convention Against Torture (CAT). In November 2017 the report was presented to the UN CAT Commission in Geneva by country director José Luis de Oliveira representing the coalition.
  • Together with the Indonesian and the regional team the search for stolen children has continued. In 2017 AJAR Timor-Leste has found the families of children and in December organized a reunion bringing 15 of them home, where they met their families and the representatives of the Timorese government.
  • Following years of advocacy efforts the Centro Nacional Chega! was finally launched in July 2017. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between CNC and AJAR on future cooperation.
  • In 2015-2017 AJAR worked with its sister organisation, ACbit, to design and implement a project with UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women to strengthen women survivors from the conflict as well as from the present. In the framework of this project, AJAR supported ACbit in building a database of almost 500 survivors, conducting participatory action research activities, and launching a campaign to raise public awareness about women’s role in the independence fight, and staging a theatre performance by and with women survivors and children of war. In particular, AJAR supported ACbit in generating policy papers and publishing a comic book featuring survivors’ stories in Tetun.
1.2 m Population
48.1% Poverty rate
$5,371 Per Capita Income
133/198 Human Dev. Index

The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste is situated on the island of Timor, approximately 700km northwest of Australia. After years of colonial presence, Timor-Leste gained independence as a democratic nation in 2002.

Our work in Timor-Leste

In Timor-Leste, AJAR works to empower its local partner organisations, most notably its sister organisation Asosiasaun Chega! ba ita (ACbit) to support victims’ groups, women in particular, to raise public awareness about the importance of learning from the past and to advocate for the protection of human rights.

Resources & Publications

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International Accountability Mechanisms for Myanmar Series

In the context of unprecedented developments in international justice related..

Transitional Justice: Myanmar Case Study

Myanmar gained independence in January 1948, following the 1947 Panglong..

Mosaic: A Manual for Rebuilding Lives and Communities After Torture

“Mosaic: A Manual for Rebuilding Lives and Communities After Torture”..

Transitional Justice Fact Sheet

Many Asian countries have faced a history of mass human..

Exchange Visit to Aceh & Workshop on Natural Resources in Transition

Myanmar and Indonesia are both in transition from military dictatorship..

Survivor Stories

Marabia Memorial

On the Marabia case, Timor-Leste’s truth commission (CAVR) found that in response to a surprise attack by the resistance army (Falintil) on military targets around Dili, on June 10 1980,…